Collection - Daniel M. Braum papers

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Daniel M. Braum papers


  • 1935-1998 (Creation)


10.00 Linear Feet

Name of creator

Biographical history

1896 Born in Jackson County, Kansas, on farm 2 ½ miles south of Denison, Kansas on February 1
1913 Graduated Denison High School, Denison, Kansas
1913-1915 Prep School in Agriculture, Manhattan, Kansas
1915-1917 Cooper College, Sterling, Kansas
1918 Served in World War I
1920 Married Roberta M. Myers on December 20
1920-1922 Farmed for his father, John Henderson Braum, south of Denison, Kansas
1924 Graduated from K-State, BS degree in Agriculture
1924-1927 County Farm Bureau Agent, Burlington, Kansas
1927-1930 Operated his own farm in northeast Kansas
1930-1935 Returned to serving as County Farm Bureau Agent, Iola, Kansas
1935-1937 Soil Conservation Service Training Specialist, Iola, Kansas; directed job training in 59 Civilian Corps Camps in the Midwest
1937-1939 Soil Conservation Service Training Specialist; Salina, Kansas
1939-1940 Soil Conservation Service Training, Amarillo, Texas
1940-1950 Entered Training Division of US Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C.; helped install the National Farm Work Simplification Laboratory at Purdue University. Began using principle of Scientific Management to develop method of constructing training program
1947 Delegate to International Management Congress in Stockholm; delivered paper on “Progress of Scientific Farm Management.”
1949 3rd General Semantic Congress, Denver, CO; delivered paper “Peaceful Approach to Work”
1950-1952 Became Chief of Training for the General Services Administration;served as consultant in Public Administration to the Philippine government
1951 Delegate to International Management Congress in Brussels
1952 Awarded fellowship to D.C. (District of Columbia) Chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management
1952-1955 Professor on faculty of University of Philippines as Director of In-Service Training in the New Institute of Public Administration; directed training of supervisors, executives and bureau chiefs, and conducted government-wide conferences in budgeting, personnel management and records management; with Philippine officials, developed training policy and plans for Philippine Government. Author of book, Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippine Government.Assisted Dr. Lillian M. Gilbreth in organizing Philippine Council of Government when it was given membership in the International Committee of Scientific Management
1955-1965 Returned to U.S. as training officer of Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service of USDA in Washington, D. C.; developed training policy and plans for the Service which was responsible for price support and management of surpluses for the US.
1957 Assigned for 3.5 months to Indonesian Government to conduct demonstrational management training; prepared dual language flip charts for instruction which were published
1959 Delegate to International Management Conference in Paris. Participated in the American Society for Public Administration Management Institute at the University of Colorado.Received USDA superior service award
1963 Member of the Board of Governors for the planning of the International Industrial Engineers Conference in New York City. Delegate to International Management Conference in New York City
1964 Awarded life membership to D.C. Chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management
1965-1980 Retired from USDA Commodity Stabilization Service; became part-time consultant, Agriculture International Development, Foreign Training Division, USDA; developed and conducted the management program for foreign trainees
1966 Received the Gilbreth Medal for his contributions to the application of time and motion studies
1978 Recognized by the National Republican Committee from President Ronald Reagan for his generosity and service to the Republican Party
1981 Died, October 26 in Rockville, Maryland; buried in Denison Kansas Cemetery

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

The Daniel M. Braum Papers document the professional career of Braum from 1940-1965.  They also include information about his personal activities and family during that time as well as after his death in 1981 when information was added to the collection by the family covering the years 1982-1998.  Throughout Braum’s work he was greatly involved with the advancement of farm work simplification, scientific management, and public administration.  He worked for the United States Department of Agriculture training division from 1940-1950.  During this time he helped establish the National Farm Work Simplification Laboratory at Purdue University.  He was also employed as the Chief of Training for the General Services Administration (1950-1952) and became a consultant for the Philippine Government (1952-1955).  After spending three years working in the Philippines, he returned to work in Washington, D.C. as a training officer of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service for the USDA from 1955-1965.
The Braum Papers are divided into eight series: 1) Correspondence, 1935-1991; 2) Subjects, 1943-1998; 3) Literary Works; 4) Organizations and Conferences, 1948-1958; 5) Certificates, Awards, Diplomas 1924-1978; 6) Printed Material, 1938-1957; 7) Photographs; and 8) Over Size.
The first series, Correspondence (1935-1991), is divided into two sub series.  The first includes both business and personal correspondence received from numerous people throughout Braum’s life.  The letters are organized alphabetically and include correspondence from Roberta Braum and John H. and Mary Ann (Loughridge) Braum.  The series contains numerous letters with Dr. Lillian Gilbreth that involves their work with farm work simplification, as well as personal matters after Daniel and Roberta Braum became close friends with Gilbreth.  Gilbreth became known as the “mother of  modern management” and, with her husband, Frank, pioneered industrial management techniques that are still practiced.  Correspondence with Dan Copell, E.C Young, Lowell Hardin, the farm work simplification project director, and a number of other individuals also address Braum’s involvement with farm work simplification.  White House correspondence includes a small number of invitations and personal notes sent to Braum by Presidents Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter.  The second sub series contains general correspondence and is organized chronologically from 1935-1975.  The majority of these letters are related to Braum’s professional career and his involvement with farm work simplification, public administration, and scientific management.  The letters also address a number of committees and conferences Braum was involved with throughout his career including the Executive Committee, Agricultural Committee, and the Agricultural Management Conference at Purdue.
Subjects (1943-1998) is divided into 10 sub series: 1) The Braum Family contains newspaper clippings and articles concerning Bill Braum and other Braum family members; 2) Denison, Kansas History includes information about the history of the town; 3) Farm Work Simplification involves reports, literary works, and other information including course outlines and material, charts/graphs, and printed material outlining Braum’s involvement in the development of farm work simplification; 4) Lillian Gilbreth contains biographical information and printed material about Dr. Gilbreth and her work with time and motion study analysis; 5) Lectures consists of a class orientation lecture and a lecture series given in 1949; 6) Open Door Policy (1946) includes the policy and contract used when this program was established; 7) Philippines contains documents and other papers including Braum’s literary works from his time spent teaching in that country; 8) Semantics (1948-1949) includes course material and information on semantics taught at Purdue University; 9) Scientific Management and Christianity consists of 3 papers written by Braum on the subject and also his notes and Christian publications; and 10) Management involves literary works by Braum on management applied to the home, management development, and labor management, also includes Braum’s notes on the topic and charts/graphs.
The third series, Literary Works, contains two important works written by Braum.  The first is entitled “A Peaceful Approach to Work.”  A number of abstracts, critiques, and drafts are included.  Also, a complete typescript of Braum’s book <emph render='italic'>A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines </emph>is retained in this series.
The series Organizations and Conferences consists of seven sub series.  The first is the American Society of Mechanical Engineers that includes information about the Farm Management Committee set up by Braum in 1948.  The second, Bureau of Ships, contains papers on leadership and communication.  The third sub series is the International Committee of Scientific Management (CIOS) and contains a day book written by Braum while attending one of its conferences in Paris in 1957.  The fourth is the International Management Conference.  It contains papers written by Braum to be presented at the 8<emph render='super'>th</emph> and 9<emph render='super'>th</emph> Conferences.  The fifth sub series contains the Purdue Farm Cardiac Project (1958).  The sixth, The Society for the Advancement of Management, houses information and papers on the advancement of management.  The final sub series includes miscellaneous papers and documents from unidentified organizations and/or conferences.
The Certificates, Awards, and Diplomas series contains eleven certificates, awards, and diplomas Braum received throughout his lifetime.  The series includes certificates of merit from the USDA, ten and twenty year service awards from the USDA, and a certificate of recognition from Ronald Reagan and the National Republican Party for Braum’s service to the Republican Party.
Printed Material, the sixth series, contains various items that are related to most of the other series or sub series.  These include Farm Work Simplification, the Philippines, International Committee of Scientific Management, the International Management Conference, Scientific Management, and a copy of Braum’s book <emph render='italic'>A Thousand Questions on Supervision in the Philippines</emph>.
The Photographs series contains several hundred images including those of the Braum family, Philippines, China, Hong Kong, USDA, International Management Conference, International Committee on Scientific Management, and miscellaneous.  They provide excellent pictorial documentation of family members and the locations where Braum worked.
The final series, Over Size, contains photographs, certificates, awards, diplomas, posters, photo albums, and memorabilia from Braum’s life including an audio tape of Dr. Lillian Gilbreth and a photograph album that includes photographs from Braum’s service in World War I and other personal and family photographs.
Included with the papers were nineteen books from Daniel and Roberta Braum, many of which were signed and presented to them by the authors.  They have been cataloged and added to the library of the University Archives.

System of arrangement

Comprising 8 linear feet of shelf space, the Braum Papers are contained in fourteen document boxes and two flat boxes and span the years 1935-1998.  The Braum Papers are divided into eight series: 1) Correspondence, 1935-1987; 2) Subjects, 1943-1998; 3) Literary Works; 4) Organizations and Conferences, 1948-1958; 5) Certificates, Awards, Diplomas 1924-1978; 6) Printed Material, 1938-1957; 7) Photographs; and 8) Over Size.

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

No access restriction: All materials are open for research.

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Conditions governing reproduction

The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.

Languages of the material

  • English

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Finding aids

Acquisition and appraisal elements

Custodial history

The Daniel M. Braum papers were donated by his daughter in 2005. It received accession number P2005.07.

Immediate source of acquisition

Acqusition Source: Wava Skaggs (daughter)
Acqusition Method: Donation
Acqusition Date: 20051200

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information


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Notes element

General note

Preferred Citation: [Item title], [item date], Daniel M. Braum papers, Box [number], Folder [number or title], Morse Department of Special Collections, Kansas State University Libraries.

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Description control element

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Describing Archives: A Content Standard

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Archivist's note

Finding Aid Author: Casey Thilges
Processing Info: The processing of the papers was completed by Casey Thilges, student processor, in January 2006.
Archon processing completed by Edward Nagurny, graduate research assistant, October 2014.
Publication Date: 2015-10-25

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  • Box: Boxes