Name and location of repository
Level of description
Edna Worthley Underwood papers
- 1889-1946 (Creation)
2.50 Linear Feet
Name of creator
1873 Born in Phillips, Maine on January 13.
1882 Moved to Arkansas City, Kansas.
1888 Graduated from Arkansas City High School. Gave the valedictory speech. Attended Garfield University, Wichita, Kansas for approximately two years. Attended University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
1892 Graduated from University of Michigan. Taught in Arkansas City Schools.
1897 Married Robert Earl Underwood on August 21.
Moved to Kansas City prior to 1904. Lived in Kansas City until approximately 1910-1912.
1911-1938 Wrote original works of poetry, prose and short stories. Translated various writers' works of poetry and short stories into English. Lived in New York City during most of this time.
1935 Made Corresponding member of the Institute of France.
1938-1939 Moved back to Arkansas City, Kansas.
1944 Robert Earl Underwood died.
1944-1953 Traveled back and forth from Maine, Boston and Arkansas City. Briefly lived in Edgetown Manor, Winfield, Kansas, due to illness before returning to live in home.
1961 Died on June 14 in Arkansas City, Kansas.
Was fluent in 6 languages and read several others. Actively published from 1911 to 1940.
Content and structure elements
Scope and content
The Edna Worthley Underwood Papers (1889-1946) covers the period of her most active publishing. Underwood wrote original works of plays, poetry, prose, short stories and news articles. She also translated various author's works into English. She corresponded with many of the authors, often asking for a biographical sketch and a photograph. After 1938, not much is known of her life. She did not publish but traveled in the U.S. The papers are contained in five document boxes (2.1 linear feet) and span the years 1889-1946.
They are divided into six series: 1)Correspondence, 1910-1944; 2) Literary Works, 1927-1938; 3) Individuals, 1918-1939; 4) Scrapbooks, 1905-1940, 5) Notebooks, 1889-1924; and 6) Printed Material, 1895-1946. Photographs have been transferred to the photograph collection of the University Archives. Literary Works (1927-1938) is divided into several sub series.
Original Works contains works by Underwood; criticism of other authors; news articles on points of interest; notes; poems; prose; play, A Petersburg Night; short stories, "The Shudder of Don Giovanni", "Madame Dorette and Nature", and three untitled. The sub-series: 1) Translations, includes translations of short stories put into the book Flemish Short Stories; 2) plays, The Yellow Tent and Improvisations in June poems; 3) short stories, "The Van Helmers", "The Beggar Minar", "Tramp and Peasant", "Vaudrevil", "If Life is White", "Exile", "A Game of Chess", "Martha Timar", "Father, A Portrait", "The Trick", "Christmas Eve", and "The Wedding". Also included are original works by Aberto Zum Felde, Fernand Knopf, Robert Earl Underwood, and works by unknown authors. The last sub series contains miscellaneous items.
The series Individuals (1918-1939) contains folders on individuals that Underwood corresponded with and whose works she translated. The folders contain correspondence and original works of poetry and prose. The individuals include Max Dickman, Fabio Fiallo, Germaine Lassara-Bouchecourt, Coelho Netto, Luis Felipe Rodriguez, Daniel Thaly, and Cesar Vallejo.
The series Scrapbooks (1905-1940) contains three scrapbooks. Scrapbook #1 covers 1905-1939. It contains newspaper clippings, letters and various printed material. Scrapbook #2 covers literature of South America. It contains correspondence and original works of poetry. Individuals included are Julio Herrera, Xavier Abril, Carlos Wyld Ospina, Lartigau Lespada, Juan Borch, and Fernando Torregrosa. Scrapbook #3 contains correspondence and poetry from individual poets included in Underwood's translation of poets from Haiti. The poets include Emile Roumer, Clement Magloire, Maurice Casseus, Carl Brouard, Milo Riguad, Jacques Romain, Justinien Ricot, Jean F. Brierre, and Timothee Paret.
The series Notebooks (1889-1924) contains seven notebooks. They cover the time Underwood attended the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. These are handwritten notes from lectures. Notebook #5 contains prose written in 1924, thirty years after her graduation from the University. The last series, Printed Material, contains booklets, "El Pais Lilac", "Revista de Las Indias", "The Hobart Guild", "De Godsdienstige Keinst Van Rubens", "La Poesia Sorprendida", and "Requiem Por Los Muertos De Europa"; translations: newspaper clippings: and miscellaneous.
Twelve photographs were removed and filed in the University Archives photograph collection under the heading of Underwood. The photographs include Maurice Andre Casseus, Concepcion Monterrosa, Cesar Vallejo (2), Xavier Abril de Viver, Jorge Luis Borges, Germaine Lassara-Bouchecourt, Coelho Netto, Helery, Balleitein de Martin, and unknown.
System of arrangement
The Underwood Papers are divided into six series: 1) Correspondence, 1910-1944; 2) Literary Works, 1927-1938; 3) Individuals, 1918-1939; 4) Scrapbooks, 1905-1940; 5) Notebooks, 1889-1924; and 6) Printed Material, 1895-1946.
The first series, Correspondence (1910-1944), is divided into Personal Correspondence, letters from friends and admirers; Business Correspondence, letters regarding publishing of books and reviews; Postcards; Telegram; Robert Earl Underwood's Correspondence; and a Letterbook, letters and poems used for background information for her book of translation of poets of Haiti. The poets include Madame D. Viard, M. Leon Laleau, Victor Mangones, and Maurice A. Casseus.
Conditions of access and use elements
Conditions governing access
No access restriction: All materials are open for research.
Conditions governing reproduction
The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
Acquisition and appraisal elements
The collection is identified as University Archives accession number P1993.05. The processing of the collection was completed by Deborah Wallis, student intern, in May 1993.
Immediate source of acquisition
Acqusition Source: Donation
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
The Edna Worthley Underwood Papers (1889-1946) covers the period of her most active publishing. Underwood wrote original works of plays, poetry, prose, short stories and news articles. She also translated various author's works into English. She corresponded with many of the authors, often asking for a biographical sketch and a photograph. After 1938, not much is known of her life. She did not publish but traveled in the U.S.
The bulk of the collection consists of original works by Edna Worthley Underwood that includes poems, prose and short stories. It also contains numerous translations done by Underwood of various authors. The collection also contains three plays by Underwood's husband, Robert Earl Underwood.
A related manuscript collection of Underwood's is held by Fort Hays State University. A detailed description can be found in Mrs Underwood by Carol Ward Craine.
Related materials elements
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related archival materials
Preferred Citation: [Item title], [item date], Edna Worthley Underwood papers, Box [number], Folder [number or title], Morse Department of Special Collections, Kansas State University Libraries.
Archon Collection ID
Description control element
Rules or conventions
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Finding Aid Author: Deborah Wallis, student intern 1993
Processing Info: The processing of the collection was completed by Deborah Wallis, student intern, in May 1993.
Archon processing by Edward Nagurny, Graduate Research Assistant, June 2015.
Publication Date: 2015-06-25